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History has proven that women are the last in sharing in the benefits of democracy. It seems that words such as equality, freedom, and participation in the national government, are meant for men and if there is anything left over, then women might have a chance to get it.

The same applies In Iran. The first democratic revolution of the twentieth century took place in Iran in 1906 which benefitted from strong support and participation by women; they even sold their belongings and presented it to the revolutionaries to further their aims. However, historians have written so much about the triumphant constitutionalists but forgot our participation and so, when the constitution was written, women did not have the right to participate in elections. The victorious men not only did not accept women's participation in the national government, but they did not even allow them to have any decision making role within the family unit. Family matters such as polygamy, the guardianship of the children, the right of divorce, and so on, remained entirely under the father's authority.

Women, shocked by the ungratefulness of their compatriots, renewed their struggle. This time they were even more adamant and more explicit. Proclaiming the demands of women's liberation, they went so far that some of them were exiled during Reza Shah's reign.

The continued struggle of women resulted in a slight decrease in inequality during the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah. But women, who had become more aware, knew that they could only achieve real equality under a democratic government, and so this time they directed their struggle towards fighting for democracy. Different political groups were formed to achieve this end by means by which they thought would achieve freedom and equality. Within these groups, hundreds of women became active and so many of them ended up in prison and some even lost their lives. Their struggle resulted in the fall of the Shah in 1979, and this time, too, the victorious revolutionaries forgot the struggle of women and seven month after the victory of the revolution, even before the ratification of the constitution by the Revolutionary Council, all that women achieved under the second Pahlavi king were lost on the excuse of eliminating the ways of the old regime. Not only was polygamy legalized and mothers lost the right of child custody, but after a few months a new law was ratified saying that blood money for women was determined as half of that of men and the testimony of two women is considered equal to that of one man in a court of law.

However, women did not surrender and this time entered the arena of struggle much stronger and called for equality. This time around, the regime was more ruthless in dealing with objectors, and confronted them more violently than the constitutionalists and the royalists. However, even the regime's brutal suppression was not able to deter women from standing up for their rights. The women's movement has continued steadfastly and grown in strength and resistance in order to achieve equality in all aspects of life.

Our daughters, remembering their mother's struggle and efforts, will not allow their rights and demands for equality to once again be dismissed by the believer in patriarchy. They will stay alert in any future political and social development.

With outmost respect to courageous women who put freedom first and sacrificed their lives, this site will be in two languages Persian and English and will go live on March 8, 2012 with the aim of drawing on the struggles of Iranian women. At this juncture only the identification and type of alleged convictions have been sourced.

We will update when we receive more information. We have used different sources to assemble information which will be specified on the pages. The information is doubtless incomplete and not without mistakes, and hence help from each and every one of you will be beneficial and appreciated.

Please email your information via the email address provided.